Information and communication technology (ICT) capability
In the Western Australian Curriculum and East Fremantle Curriculum, students develop Technology skills and ICT capabilities as they learn to use ICT effectively and appropriately to access, create and communicate information and ideas, solve problems and work collaboratively in all learning areas at school, and in their lives beyond school.
The capability involves students in learning to make the most of the digital technologies available to them, adapting to new ways of doing things as technologies evolve and limiting the risks to themselves and others in a digital environment.
The Melbourne Declaration on the Educational Goals for Young Australians recognises that in a digital age, and with rapid and continuing changes in the ways that people share, use, develop and communicate with ICT, young people need to be highly skilled in its use. To participate in a knowledge-based economy and to be empowered within a technologically sophisticated society now and into the future, students need the knowledge, skills and confidence to make ICT work for them at school, at home, at work and in their communities.
Information and communication technologies are fast and automated, interactive and multimodal, and they support the rapid communication and representation of knowledge to many audiences and its adaptation in different contexts. They transform the ways that students think and learn and give them greater control over how, where and when they learn.
Scope of ICT capability
Students develop capability in using ICT for tasks associated with information access and management, information creation and presentation, problem solving, decision making, communication, creative expression, and empirical reasoning. This includes conducting research, creating multimedia information products, analysing data, designing solutions to problems, controlling processes and devices, and supporting computation while working independently and in collaboration with others.
Students develop knowledge, skills and dispositions around ICT and its use, and the ability to transfer these across environments and applications. They learn to use ICT with confidence, care and consideration, understanding its possibilities, limitations and impact on individuals, groups and communities.
Applying social and ethical protocols and practices when using ICT
This element involves students in developing an understanding of intellectual property for digital information, and applying appropriate practices to recognise the intellectual property of themselves and others. Students use appropriate practices for the physical and logical storage and security of digital information, and apply appropriate protocols when using ICT to safely create, communicate or share information. They gain an understanding of the benefits and consequences of the use of ICT by individuals, groups and communities and the impact of the use of ICT on the fabric of society. In developing and acting with information and communication technology capability, students:
- recognise intellectual property
- apply digital information security practices
- apply personal security protocols
- identify the impacts of ICT in society.
Investigating with ICT
This element involves students in using ICT to define and plan information searches of a range of primary and secondary sources when investigating questions, topics or problems. Students use ICT to locate, access, generate, organise and/or analyse data and information6
and apply criteria to verify the integrity and value of the digital data, information and sources. In developing and acting with information and communication technology capability, students:
- define and plan information searches
- locate, generate and access data and information
- select and evaluate data and information.
Creating with ICT
This element involves students in using ICT to generate ideas, plans and processes that clarify a task or steps in order to respond to questions, realise creative intentions and create solutions to challenges and tasks. Students use ICT to generate and manage digital solutions to challenges arising from learning activities or responding to a need or creative intention. In developing and acting with information and communication technology capability, students:
- generate ideas, plans and processes
- generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks.
Communicating with ICT
This element involves students in using ICT to communicate and share ideas and information to collaboratively construct knowledge and digital solutions. Students develop an understanding of the context when communicating using ICT, including a sense of the audience, the form of communication, the techniques used and the characteristics of the users and the technologies. In developing and acting with information and communication technology capability, students:
- collaborate, share and exchange
- understand computer mediated communications.
Managing and operating ICT
This element involves students applying technical knowledge and skills to select, use and troubleshoot appropriate digital technologies when investigating, creating and communicating. Students develop an understanding of hardware and software components, and operations of appropriate ICT systems, including their functions, processes, procedures and devices. They apply technical knowledge and skills to efficiently and securely manage and maintain digital data. In developing and acting with information and communication technology capability, students:
- select and use hardware and software
- understand ICT systems
- manage digital data.
The following link provides the Scope and Sequence of ICT in the Classroom and its progression; http://k10outline.scsa.wa.edu.au